← Back to team overview

cloud-init team mailing list archive

Re: Azure Networking Support in cloud-init


The VM has to be configured with new data that should be read after network switch and these VM configuration happens even before system-networkd starts. We need some mechanism to listen on network switch events and issue dhcp. So we can’t rely on system-networkd on resending dhcp.

From: Ryan Harper [mailto:ryan.harper@xxxxxxxxxxxxx]
Sent: Thursday, February 8, 2018 5:51 PM
To: Sushant Sharma (AZURE) <Sushant.Sharma@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: cloud-init@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; Tamilmani Manoharan <tamanoha@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>; Nisheeth Srivastava <Nisheeth.Srivastava@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>; Douglas Jordan <Douglas.Jordan@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: [Cloud-init] Azure Networking Support in cloud-init

On Thu, Feb 8, 2018 at 7:07 PM, Sushant Sharma (AZURE) <Sushant.Sharma@xxxxxxxxxxxxx<mailto:Sushant.Sharma@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>> wrote:
Hi Ryan,
Thank you for your email. We just updated the PR with some more changes.
To answer your specific questions

  1.  The specific scenario addressed here is to start the VM and have it running, and once customer asks for a new VM in Azure, move the VM into customer’s network and apply all customer specific configurations in the VM. This is why the earlier PR by Douglas blocks cloud-init in Azure unless we learn that VM is ready to be moved into customer’s Network. This cloud-init block happens even before systemd-networkd starts.

In this scenario which is before "networking" there's no need to "bounce" networking, rather once the VM is "released", it will issue a DHCP at network configuration time.  This works on Xenial (ifupdown based) as well as Artful and newer (systemd-networkd).

  2.  The goal of this PR is to learn whenever the switch to customer’s network has happened, and issue a dchp-request upon this event to learn new IP address. The IP address may or may not change. Can you help us understand why removing and adding nic may be needed in this scenario?
Right now, on the linux side, I'm not aware of any distro which contains a networking configuration daemon which watches for carrier/no-carrier changes and subsequently issues a DHCP release and DHCP renew.  The exceptions to this are systemd-networkd behavior; though it does depend on how long
the link goes away for w.r.t whether it would issue a new DHCP lease.  The bigger point here is that you're interested in *telling* the instance that it should reconfigure it's networking.  You're suggestion is to utilize the loss of carrier on the nic as an indication that it should and while that may be what needs to
be done specifically on Azure, it's not a general case mechanism, and only works if using DHCP.

As a stepping stone toward a real cloud to instance communication mechanism, hotplug can work more genericially on Linux as an indication that the instance network configuration needs to change (and possibly restarted) which could result in a DHCP release and renew.


Regarding the newer scenarios, I think it is great that you have shared the document where we can add the description and discuss solutions. Let’s do that separately in parallel to this PR.
At the moment, we will appreciate if you and others can take a look at this PR and provide feedback so that it can be accepted.

For the previous proposed which included spawning a python process to watch the netlink socket; I'm not comfortable with such an approach, for many of the reasons Robert already indicated in his
review of the initial PR. I'll follow-up directly in the PR with more specific concerns.



From: Ryan Harper [mailto:ryan.harper@xxxxxxxxxxxxx<mailto:ryan.harper@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>]
Sent: Friday, January 26, 2018 8:16 AM
To: Sushant Sharma (AZURE) <Sushant.Sharma@xxxxxxxxxxxxx<mailto:Sushant.Sharma@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>>
Cc: cloud-init@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx<mailto:cloud-init@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>; Tamilmani Manoharan <tamanoha@xxxxxxxxxxxxx<mailto:tamanoha@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>>; Nisheeth Srivastava <Nisheeth.Srivastava@xxxxxxxxxxxxx<mailto:Nisheeth.Srivastava@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>>
Subject: Re: [Cloud-init] Azure Networking Support in cloud-init

On Tue, Jan 9, 2018 at 5:31 PM, Sushant Sharma (AZURE) <Sushant.Sharma@xxxxxxxxxxxxx<mailto:Sushant.Sharma@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>> wrote:
Hi cloud-init members,

We would like to discuss with you our proposal to add a network module in cloud-init to support various networking scenarios in Azure.
To begin with, we would like to support move of a virtual machine (VM) from one network to another in Azure.
As such, it will listen for media disconnect/connect (via netlink) and issues a re-DHCP when required (this design is based on how azure moves VM from one network to another).

Thanks for starting the discussion here.  For this use-case, are you migrating
the entire VM or are we changing an existing nic from one subnet to another?
Since the link goes down (stopping traffic), is it possible to remove the nic
and re-add it instead?

Operating system behavior around link state change varies depending on the
network service managing things.  In Ubuntu where ifupdown and isc-dhcp-client
are utilized, as you know, netlink changes are not handled.  Under Ubuntu Artful
and Bionic which utilize systemd-networkd, link state changes are watched; if
the device loses carrier then when it is restored networkd will reacquire a lease in that

Over time, we plan to support more advance networking scenarios in Azure. Please let us know your thoughts before we work on adding the module.

I'm very much interested in enumerating additional scenarios.  Some user-stories
which I think need to be address:

1. add additional network device and configure
2. remove network device (and update configuration)
3. add additional ip addresses to one or more network devices
4. remove ip address from one or more network devices
5. modify the configuration of an existing network device (changes outside
   of 3 and 4)

Cases 1 and 2 are generally covered by a udev hook handler.  3 and 4 can be
partially addressed by updating cloud-init to read network config metadata and
renderer a complete network configuration and may be combined with 1 and 2.

What's not easily covered by a udev hook is the case where users modify existing
network configuration without adding or removing devices.  To handle this sort
of scenario a cloud will need to provide some notification mechanism to which
cloud-init can react.  This may be something simple like a websocket cloud-init
can select() on, or some other hypervisor event injection.  This area is not
well defined and will certainly vary from provider to provider which will
require some time to form a general solution.

I'd like to continue the discussion in a shared document:



Mailing list: https://launchpad.net/~cloud-init<https://na01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https:%2F%2Flaunchpad.net%2F~cloud-init&data=02%7C01%7CSushant.Sharma%40microsoft.com%7C17acfcd577e8446cde6d08d564d80c0f%7Cee3303d7fb734b0c8589bcd847f1c277%7C1%7C1%7C636525801436863680&sdata=0Ieqm%2FzkdIdB5Gz5mu3C0xN5m7nSVUDyVhBaSmDZVN4%3D&reserved=0>
Post to     : cloud-init@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx<mailto:cloud-init@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Unsubscribe : https://launchpad.net/~cloud-init<https://na01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https:%2F%2Flaunchpad.net%2F~cloud-init&data=02%7C01%7CSushant.Sharma%40microsoft.com%7C17acfcd577e8446cde6d08d564d80c0f%7Cee3303d7fb734b0c8589bcd847f1c277%7C1%7C1%7C636525801436863680&sdata=0Ieqm%2FzkdIdB5Gz5mu3C0xN5m7nSVUDyVhBaSmDZVN4%3D&reserved=0>
More help   : https://help.launchpad.net/ListHelp<https://na01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fhelp.launchpad.net%2FListHelp&data=02%7C01%7CSushant.Sharma%40microsoft.com%7C17acfcd577e8446cde6d08d564d80c0f%7Cee3303d7fb734b0c8589bcd847f1c277%7C1%7C1%7C636525801436863680&sdata=DyQQKKEVimW0VwODAnV731mjOZ50VX7oEH5piU12qb8%3D&reserved=0>

Follow ups