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[Bug 1252242] Re: CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PL031=m stops the kernel from setting the system time from the RTC automatically, which userspace expects


** CVE removed: http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-

** Tags removed: bot-stop-nagging

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  CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PL031=m stops the kernel from setting the system time
  from the RTC automatically, which userspace expects

Status in linux package in Ubuntu:
Status in linux source package in Saucy:
  Fix Released

Bug description:
  SRU Justification:

  Impact: the Linux kernel resets the wall clock (RTC_HCTOSYS=y) using
  the value read from a specific rtc device (RTC_HCTOSYS_DEVICE=rtc0) as
  a late_initcall() (see drivers/rtc/hctosys.c::rtc_hctosys()). That
  implies that the RTC_HCTOSYS_DEVICE must be available when
  rtc_hctosys() is called, making all the rtc drivers that are built as
  a module unsuitanle for this task.


  [    5.396605] /home/ppisati/ubuntu-saucy/drivers/rtc/hctosys.c: unable to open rtc device (rtc0)
  # rtc_hctosys() is called, it tries to open rtc0 but the driver is unavailable at this time so it fails to set the system time
  [   10.609622] rtc-pl031 fff35000.rtc: rtc core: registered pl031 as rtc0
  # later on the rtc driver is loaded, but it's too late
  ubuntu@m01:~$ date
  Wed Dec 31 19:25:24 EST 1969

  Fix: compile in the rtc driver that your board uses to set the wall
  clock (pl031 on calxeda) - see the attached patch

  Test case:

  [    5.303860] rtc-pl031 fff35000.rtc: rtc core: registered pl031 as rtc0
  [    5.421639] rtc-pl031 fff35000.rtc: setting system clock to 2013-11-19 16:47:18 UTC (1384879638)

  when the rtc driver is correctly build-in, you should see something
  like this in your bootlog.


  Working on MAAS, I see midway machines boot on Saucy with an incorrect
  system time (close to epoch). I have tried various things, including
  using MAAS to make sure that the hardware clock was set correctly
  before installation. Despite this, I find that the hardware clock (as
  reported by "hwclock --utc") is correct, yet the system time ("date
  --utc") is close to epoch.

  Affects: Saucy linux-image-3.11.0-13-generic-lpae 3.11.0-13.20, util-
  linux 2.20.1-5.1ubuntu9.

  Below is my current understanding of the root cause and possible
  solutions. My understanding may not be accurate. Please correct any
  inaccuracies. This is just my current understanding; all I know is
  that it doesn't work :)

  In userspace, util-linux via /etc/init/hwclock.conf is involved with
  the RTC. But it doesn't use --hctosys. I can find nothing in userspace
  that takes responsibility for setting up the system time from the RTC.

  hwclock(8) says that --hctosys is "a good option to use in one of the
  system startup scripts.", but also that --systz is "is an alternate
  option to --hctosys that does not read the hardware clock, and  may
  be  used  in system  startup  scripts  for  recent 2.6 kernels where
  you know the System Time contains the Hardware Clock time."

  So it appears to me that it is the kernel that is supposed to make
  sure the RTC is copied to the system clock on boot, or at least that
  this is the assumption that userspace is making. It's my understanding
  that this isn't happening because rtc_pl031 is a module.

  I assume that an RTC module load doesn't reset the system time. Or
  should it? It sounds like an evil side effect to me if it doesn't
  happen on boot. Perhaps there should be or there is a module parameter
  to make it do that, though? If so, I am unaware of it, or any
  userspace implementation of using that.

  I can see two broad solutions to this:

  1) The kernel takes responsibility for doing this task, which AIUI we
  can do with CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PL031=y. This was the case with the linux-
  highbank package in Quantal, which I believe is why this appears to be
  a regression from MAAS' perspective.

  2) Userspace takes responsibility for running "hwclock --hctosys",
  which case we need logic to figure out when this is necessary (AIUI,
  it isn't necessary for Intel, as the RTC driver is compiled in?) and
  how to arrange this.

  Other options:

  3) Some kind of definition of the semantics (perhaps there is one and
  I'm missing it) and userspace asking the module to do it on module
  load, or an hwclock command after module load or something. I am
  concerned about coordinating the timing involved in this option,

  4) fixrtc on the command line as a workaround for MAAS. This would
  need us to amend flash-kernel. But this doesn't really fix the
  problem; a --hctosys would still be needed to make the clock properly

  ProblemType: Bug
  DistroRelease: Ubuntu 13.10
  Package: linux-image-3.11.0-13-generic-lpae 3.11.0-13.20
  ProcVersionSignature: User Name 3.11.0-13.20-generic-lpae 3.11.6
  Uname: Linux 3.11.0-13-generic-lpae armv7l
   total 0
   crw-rw---- 1 root audio 116,  1 Dec 31  1969 seq
   crw-rw---- 1 root audio 116, 33 Dec 31  1969 timer
  AlsaVersion: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Driver Version k3.11.0-13-generic-lpae.
  AplayDevices: Error: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: 'aplay'
  ApportVersion: 2.12.5-0ubuntu2.1
  Architecture: armhf
  ArecordDevices: Error: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: 'arecord'
  AudioDevicesInUse: Error: command ['fuser', '-v', '/dev/snd/seq', '/dev/snd/timer'] failed with exit code 1:
  CRDA: Error: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: 'iw'
  Date: Mon Nov 18 06:33:34 2013
  HibernationDevice: RESUME=UUID=1337d4f1-3df8-4589-9008-a47a197b579f
  IwConfig: Error: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: 'iwconfig'
  Lsusb: Error: command ['lsusb'] failed with exit code 1: unable to initialize libusb: -99
  MarkForUpload: True


  ProcKernelCmdLine: console=ttyAMA0 nosplash
   binfmt_misc 7197 1 - Live 0x00000000 (F)
   rtc_pl031 4594 0 - Live 0x00000000 (F)
   uio 8483 1 uio_pdrv_genirq, Live 0x00000000 (F)
   uio_pdrv_genirq 3441 0 - Live 0x00000000 (F)
   xgmac 18035 0 - Live 0x00000000 (F)
   linux-restricted-modules-3.11.0-13-generic-lpae N/A
   linux-backports-modules-3.11.0-13-generic-lpae  N/A
   linux-firmware                                  1.116
  RfKill: Error: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: 'rfkill'
  SourcePackage: linux
  UpgradeStatus: No upgrade log present (probably fresh install)
   Nov 18 06:26:32 m22 dhclient: DHCPREQUEST of on eth0 to port 67 (xid=0xb672694)
   Nov 18 06:26:32 m22 dhclient: DHCPACK of from
   Nov 18 06:26:32 m22 dhclient: bound to -- renewal in 3558 seconds.

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