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Re: Keystone should to Apache HTTPD.
Oh, I should also add: I don't support standardizing on Apache, but I do
support making sure that we run fine under Apache so that it is an option
going forward. Mostly that just means ensuring that our WSGI interfaces
conform to standards and that we don't do anything that would be
incompatible with a mod_wsgi-like model.
On Thu, Mar 1, 2012 at 11:44 AM, Andy Smith <andyster@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> I mentioned this to Adam prior to his posting, but since he posted here as
> well I suppose I have to respond here too:
> -- SNIP --
> Nice write-up Adam :)
> As a veteran of standing up and scaling popular websites myself, I never
> intended for a single eventlet wsgi server to handle all the load and
> availability for a whole deployment, so I'm very much in line with what
> you've written, though I have a different take on it.
> Much of the pushback I give to people about altering the database and
> other things under the name of scalability is because I've always intended
> for this keystone to be very horizontally scalable, aka we're going to run
> a lot of instances of them. I also always put everything that is providing
> a web interface behind nginx with heavy caching.
> Either way, I think you should totally post your blog post, your opinion
> is your own and you should let people hear it :)
> -- END SNIP --
> More towards the specifics of the post unrelated to Apache, we're all on
> board with better authentication, not a single one of us likes the current
> design of Keystone's actual auth as it is only there for compatibility with
> the legacy version. As soon as we have legacy compat squared away solidly
> you can expect the rapid creation of:
> - secure encrypted tokens (removes the need for backend validation)
> - pki for authentication
> - ssl transport
> - support for signed requests
> - 2-factor auth
> Just so you guys don't think we're not already thinking about all these
> On Thu, Mar 1, 2012 at 11:25 AM, Nathanael Burton <
> nathanael.i.burton@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> I like the recommendation. Particularly with regards to using PKI
>> On Thu, Mar 1, 2012 at 2:05 PM, Adam Young <ayoung@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> > I wrote up why I think that, at least for Keystone, we should move the
>> > end over to Apache HTTPD.
>> > I've reposted it below.
>> > Keystone and the other Openstack components run in an <a
>> > href="http://www.eventlet.net">Eventlet</a> based HTTP server.
>> Eventlet and
>> > <a href="http://http://pypi.python.org/pypi/greenlet"> Greenlet</a>
>> > project Eventlet is built on) are designed to be highly performant in
>> > networked environments due to their non-blocking nature. Everything is
>> > handled in a single thread, and scheduling is performed in user space.
>> > one caveat is that not only must the code you write never block, the
>> > you call must not block, either. If you are going to make a call into a
>> > third party library that performs I/O, you need to wrap that library in
>> > thread pool.
>> > For Keystone, every call is going to be going through to a Database
>> > either SQL or LDAP. Which is in turn going to call into the native
>> > for that Database, or the LDAP libraries. Either way, it is a native
>> > and it has to be wrapped in a thread pool.
>> > Keystone is an authentication hub. As such, it is literally the
>> > of the security architecture around Openstack. In order to do anything
>> > any of the other services in Openstack, a use needs a token from
>> > But in order to authenticate against Keystone, the user needs to
>> provide a
>> > clear-text password. This approach may be sufficient to start
>> > but it is not going to be acceptable when a company needs to prove
>> > compliance with <a title="Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002"
>> > href="http://www.soxlaw.com/" target="_blank">Sarbanes-Oxley</a>. Or <a
>> > title="Health Information Privacy"
>> > href="http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/index.html"
>> > target="_blank">HIPPAA</a>. For these cases, we want stronger
>> encryption and
>> > better authentication management. The Eventlet based web server does not
>> > currently support forms of authentication other than Basic-Auth.
>> > organizations would be able to employ their Kerberos or Public Key
>> > Infrastructure (PKI) assets to support their Openstack based
>> > IPv6 is coming. The last block of IPv4 addresses has been allocated. For
>> > Cloud based deployments, people are going to need large numbers of
>> > IP Addresses. However, Eventlet does not currently support IPv6. Work is
>> > happening upstream, but it has not yet been commited, and will not be
>> > available for the Essex release of Openstack.
>> > There is a simple solution. Keystone is a WSGI application, and has
>> > dependencies on Eventlet. Deploying Keystone in an Apache HTTPD server
>> > mod_wsgi running in prefork mode provides the same operating
>> environment as
>> > Eventlet does. As the de facto standard open source web server, it has
>> > received a higher degree of scrutiny than most other software products.
>> > HTTPD support for GSSAPI/Kerberos authentication, Client and Server
>> > certificates, and IPv6. It is well supported in all the major Linux
>> > distributions.
>> > What would the drawbacks be? Probably the first thing people would look
>> > from Eventlet is performance. I don't have the hard numbers to compare
>> > Eventlet to Apache HTTPD, but I do know that Apache is used in enough
>> > volume sites that I would not be overly concerned. The traffic in an
>> > Openstack deployment to a Keystone server is going to be about two
>> orders of
>> > magnitude less than any other traffic, and is highly unlikely to be the
>> > bottleneck. Second is the fact that we would be pulling in dependencies
>> > Apache HTTPD, and that configuring it would be different and more
>> > than Eventlet. However, this is a fairly well trodden path. The
>> benefits of
>> > putting all HTTP traffic behind ports 80 and 443 overwhelm the
>> drawbacks of
>> > configuration.
>> > Since Keystone has just gone through a major reworking, I realize that
>> > people might be reluctant to support a move like this. However, the
>> > on other components should be minimal or none. Apache HTTPD can be set
>> > using the same ports that Keystone already uses, and thus replace an
>> > existing Keystone install with no changes to the configuration or code
>> > the other services. The changes should be limited to Keystone alone.
>> > The problem that Eventlet solves does not map to Keystone. The amount of
>> > work it would take to add the features Keystone really requires to
>> > is significant, is difficult, and is likely to be far buggier than using
>> > well established and audited libraries. The simpler path forward is for
>> > Keystone to move over to Apache HTTPD. It is also the path for greater
>> > stability, security, and growth.
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